Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, often involving bleeding gums, inflammation, and bad breath.
It can be easily reversed with timely attention from a dentist.
How do I know if I have gingivitis?
When infected, gums may appear red or puffy. This occurs because the accumulation of plaque and tartar begins to irritate the gum tissue.
Some People Are More Likely to Develop Gingivitis Than Others
While gingivitis is common, there are certain risk factors that make you more likely to develop the condition, such as:
- Smoking or using tobacco products
- Poor-fitting restorations
- Teeth grinding
- Certain medications
- Poor oral hygiene
- Compromised immune system
Additionally, pregnant women often experience gum inflammation and irritation due to hormonal changes.
Plaque and Tartar Cause Gums to Become Infected
What is Plaque?
Plaque is a clear, sticky film that forms on the surface of the teeth when bacteria accumulate.
What Is Tartar?
When plaque remains on the teeth, it eventually hardens, becoming tartar. Tartar spurs gum disease by helping bacteria prosper and multiply.
Why Should I Do Something about It?
Without professional attention, gingivitis can escalate to periodontitis, resulting in gum recession and eventual tooth loss.
How is gingivitis diagnosed?
Three Easy Ways
To Reduce Your Risk of Gum Disease
Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene
You should brush your teeth twice and floss at least once every day. A well-maintained oral hygiene routine can prevent plaque from accumulating.
Attending Bi-Annual Cleanings & Exams
During your bi-annual checkup, your teeth will be professionally cleaned to remove plaque and tartar. Your doctor will also perform a comprehensive exam to look for any signs of gingivitis.
Avoiding Harmful Habits
Starchy or sugary foods can increase plaque buildup. Additionally, smoking affects your immune system, making your gums more susceptible to infection and less able to overcome it. Quit smoking and maintain a well-balanced diet to reduce your risk.
Your Doctor Can Easily Identify Gingivitis
How can I prevent gingivitis?
Reversing Gum Disease
When it is detected early, a professional cleaning and improved at-home care can reverse gum disease. In some cases, a deep cleaning may be necessary to reduce the depth of the pockets between the teeth and gum tissue. During a deep cleaning, known as scaling and root planing, the doctor will remove bacteria and tartar along the tooth surfaces and below the gum line. He or she will then smooth the root surfaces to prevent bacterial accumulation in the future and help the gums reattach.
There Are Several Ways to Address Gingivitis
Although simple measures can reverse gingivitis, a dentist’s assessment and guidance are essential.
Good oral hygiene, quitting smoking, and controlling other risk factors can reverse gingivitis.
Used alone or in combination with other treatments, antibiotics can destroy the bacteria affecting the gums.